Aeromechanical evaluation of smart-twisting active rotor Lim, J.W. Boyd, D.D. Hoffmann, F. Wall, B.G. van der Kim, D.H. Jung, S.N. You, Y.H. Tanabe, Y. Bailly, J. Lienard, C. Delrieux, Y. 2016-12-16T15:14:36Z 2016-12-16T15:14:36Z 2014
dc.description.abstract An investigation of Smart-Twisting Active Rotor (STAR) was made to assess potential benefits of the current active twist rotor concept for performance improvement, vibration reduction, and noise alleviation. The STAR rotor is a 40% Mach-scaled, Bo105 rotor with an articulated flap-lag hinge at 3.5%R and no pre-cone. The 0-5 per rev active twist harmonic inputs were applied for various flight conditions including hover, descent, moderate to high speed level flights, and slowed rotor high advance ratio. For the analysis, the STAR partners used multiple codes including CAMRAD II, S4, HOST, rFlow3D, elsA, and their associated software. At the high thrust level in hover, the 0 per rev active twist with 80% amplitude increased figure of merit (FM) by 0.01-0.02 relative to the baseline. In descent, the largest BVI noise reduction was on the order of 2 to 5 dB at the 3 per rev active twist. In the high speed case (µ = 0.35), the 2 per rev actuation was found to be the most effective in achieving a power reduction as well as a vibration reduction. At the 2 per rev active twist, total power was reduced by 0.65% at the 60o active twist phase, and vibration was reduced by 47.6% at the 45o active twist phase. The use of the 2 per rev active twist appears effective for vibration reduction. In the high advance ratio case (µ = 0.70), the 0 per rev actuation appeared to have negligible impact on performance improvement. In summary, computational simulations successfully demonstrated that the current active twist concept provided a significant reduction of the maximum BVI noise in descent, a significant reduction of the vibration in the high speed case, a small improvement on rotor performance in hover, and a negligible impact on rotor performance in forward flight.
dc.identifier.other 16-C-paper
dc.language.iso en
dc.title Aeromechanical evaluation of smart-twisting active rotor
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