Development and validation of physics based models for ice shedding

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Gupta, A.
Halloran, E.
Sankar, L.N.
Palacios, J.
Kreeger, R.E.
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Calculations for ice accretion and shedding are presented for a model scale rotor in hover. The aerodynamic characteristics of the rotor are first computed using a combined blade element-momentum theory. The effective angles of attack, and the local flow velocity are used within the NASA Glenn solver LEWICE to estimate the collection efficiency. The computed collection efficiency and the surface pressure distribution from a panel method within LEWICE are used to estimate the ice accretion over the rotor blades for a selected time interval. Finally, a force balance approach is used to establish shedding events where the centrifugal force over the ice mass exceeds the adhesive forces at the rotor surface and the cohesive forces between adjacent masses of ice. Preliminary comparisons with test data acquired at the Pennsylvania State Icing Research Tunnel are presented. Sensitivity of the ice shedding events to surface roughness, adhesive strength, cohesive strength, and ambient conditions is discussed.