Adaptive control based flying quality design for helicopters

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Wei, W.
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A comprehensive flight control law design method based on adaptive control is presented in this paper. The proposed method consists of three basic modules – model decoupling, online system identification and adaptive pole placement. The model decoupling module decouples the helicopter flight dynamics model based on dynamic inversion technique. This procedure helps to reduce the difficulties in online system identification and adaptive control design. In online system identification module, a recursive extended least squares algorithm is established to identify the augmented linear flight dynamics model which is composed of helicopter model and unideal noise model. The helicopter model parameters and the noise parameters are identified simultaneously which improves the identification accuracy as well as robustness compared with conventional method. Pole placement is implemented in the last module to make a helicopter keep tracking the idea poles which can be designed according to ADS-33E-PRF. The adaptive rule in this step is designed based on eigenvalue analysis of the model to remove all unnecessary oscillations of the control parameters. An adaptive controller is designed according to the developed method for the UH-60 helicopter based on a nonlinear simulation program. Typical response types are also implemented. The simulation results show that the designed adaptive controller has high performance as well as robustness in both hover and forward flight.