Forces on obstacles in rotor wake - A GARTEUR Action Group

Thumbnail Image
Visingardi, A.
De Gregorio, F.
Schwarz, T.
Schmid, M.
Bakker, R.
Voutsinas, S.
Gallas, Q.
Boisard, R.
Gibertini, G.
Zagaglia, D.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The paper describes the objectives and the structure of the GARTEUR Action Group HC/AG-22 project which deals with the basic research about the forces acting on obstacles when immersed in rotor wakes. The motivation started from the observation that there was a lack of experimental databases including the evaluation of the forces on obstacles in rotor wakes; and of both numerical and experimental investigations of the rotor downwash effects at medium-to-high separation distances from the rotor, in presence or without sling load. The four research centres: CIRA (I); DLR (D); NLR (NL); ONERA (F); and three universities: NTUA (GR); Politecnico di Milano (I); University of Glasgow (UK) created a team for the promotion of activities that could contribute to fill these gaps. In particular, both numerical and experimental investigations were proposed by the team to study, primarily, the effects of the confined area geometry on a hovering helicopter rotor, and, secondarily, the downwash and its influence on the forces acting on a load, loose or slung, at low to high separation distances from the rotor disc. The following activities were planned: a) application and possible improvement of computational tools for the study of helicopter rotor wake interactions with obstacles; b) set-up and performance of four cost-effective wind tunnel test campaigns aimed at producing a valuable experimental database for the validation of the numerical methodologies applied; c) final validation of the numerical methodologies. The project started in November 2014 and has a duration of three years.